– Revathy, II B.A. English
– Swetha, II B.A. English
- The month of October brought the news of a massive earthquake that struck Indonesia which marked a magnitude of 7.5 on the Richter scale. The earthquake lead to a tsunami causing havoc in the island nation. Several houses were washed away from the shores by the waves which rose up to a height of 10000 feet. Thousands of casualties were reported while hundreds of people went missing. There was a huge loss of life and property. The rescue operations have saved and evacuated several people from the nation to nearby countries.
- The Norwegian Nobel committee announced the Nobel Prize for science and peace for the year 2018 in the first week of October. The Nobel Prize for physics was shared between three recipients. Arthur Ashkin was awarded for his discovery of ‘optical tweezers’ which will enhance biological research in the world. Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland were awarded for their path breaking research on ultra-short optical pulses.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Frances H. Arnold for the directed evolution of enzymes, and jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter for phage display of peptides and antibodies.
James P Hallison and Tasuku Honjo were awarded The Nobel Prize for medicine this year for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation. This will open up a new way tackle cancer, for the looming number of cancer patients all over the world.
Nadia Murad a rescued ISIS sex slave, human rights activist and the founder of Nadia’s Initiative was awarded the Nobel peace prize 2018 along with Denis Mukwege, a gynaecologist who treats rape victims in war torn countries. Both were awarded Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.
William D Nordhaus and Paul M Romer have been recognised for their revolutionary study of integrating long run macroeconomic analysis with climate change and technological inventions. The Norwegian Nobel committee has awarded them with the Economics Nobel Prize for this year.
- Indian media was storming with the #MeToo movement topping the headlines. The social media row started when a Hindi film actress accused a senior actor for assaulting her a decade ago. Soon, the campaign flared up with more people within the film industry opening up about the sexual violence inflicted upon them in the industry. Even though the campaign was started by people from the film industry, women from different fields have also opened about the abuse they go though in their workplaces. The campaign has brought forward the wounds and hidden stories of women under abuse.
- The Supreme Court lifted the age-old ban restricting women from entering the Sabarimala temple. It permitted women between menarche and menopause to enter the temple. The Supreme Court observed the practice to be one of “hegemonic patriarchy”. Several Hindu groups in Kerala are against the removal of the ban and are organising state-wide protests. As of now, three women have attempted to enter the temple under police protection but had to return due to the protest from the devotees and the priest community.
- An Indian Railways passenger train ran over a crowd of people who were witnessing the burning of Ravan as part of the Dussehra celebrations in Amritsar. The accident left more than 50 people dead. The Railway ministry and The Prime Minister marked their condolences on the devastating incident.